The most valuable asset of women in this world is called Birth as the result of the pregnancy process they have. The birth process, which leaves different effects on every woman, is a unique and natural situation. Even between different births performed by a woman, different effects can be seen.
In order to have their dream baby, couples should go through the process starting from pregnancy and continuing until birth with very careful and expert help. Especially after pregnancy, expectant mothers are very curious about when their babies will be born and how the birth will be.
Today, even if the most preferred birth method is Normal Birth, Cesarean Section and Water Birth are also known as valuable techniques for the safe, comfortable and easy completion of this process when deemed necessary.
While the birth is completed in a few hours in some women, this period is slightly longer in some individuals. Birth that takes place in a long time exhausts the mother physically and spiritually. Although it is difficult to give clear information about how the birth process will take place and how long it will take, it will be the best behavior to prepare the expectant mother for this process with a specialist doctor during pregnancy.
In this article written by Obstetrician Op. Dr. Mahru Nurullayeva who supports expectant mothers from the beginning of the pregnancy period to the end of the birth process and who is with the mother at every moment at the end of this period., you can find answers to your questions such as;
- What are the Types of Birth,
- When does the birth take place,
- What should be done before birth,
- What should be done during childbirth,
- What should be done after birth,
You can read our article to learn the details about all the topics we have mentioned above, you can call us immediately to get answers to other questions you wonder about Childbirth and to complete the birth process under the control of our doctor by being examined by Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Op. Dr. Mahru Nurullayeva…
What are the Types of Birth?
The first thing that expectant mothers who understand that they are pregnant start to think about is the health of the babies and how the birth process will take place. Even if it is not possible to determine how the birth will take place in the first period of pregnancy, the mother has the chance to choose between birth methods in the future.
Among the most applied Birth Methods today;
- Normal Birth,
- Cesarean Birth,
- Birth in Water,
can be shown.
After checking the last condition of the mother and the baby, the Obstetrician and the mother who manage the pregnancy process decide together which technique will be used to perform the birth.
Normal Birth, also referred to as Natural Birth, is the oldest known Birth Method and the most frequently used technique today. Normal Birth, which takes place without any medications, painkillers or medical intervention, begins with contractions in the uterus between the 37th and 42nd weeks of pregnancy. At the end of the process, the baby is taken from the mother’s womb using the vaginal route.
We can summarize The stages of the normal birth process as follows;
- As a result of contractions in the uterus, the cervix is opened 8 to 10 cm.
- The process in which the baby is born is completed by the birth of the baby vaginally thanks to the mother’s pushing and pushing movements.
- The placenta separates from the uterus.
Expectant mothers who risk the pains that may be experienced during normal birth prefer this method. This technique is chosen taking into account its many advantages. First of all, not using drugs during normal birth ensures that the mother’s consciousness is clear. This allows a close bond to be established between the mother and her baby from the first moment.
A different advantage of the Normal Birth method is that babies can easily discard the fluid in their lungs. This period, which lasts longer in babies born by cesarean section, can also lead to temporary breathing problems.
However, since endorphin hormone is secreted more in mothers who give birth to their baby with the Normal Birth method, this allows the healing process to be completed more easily and for the mother to return to her daily life quickly.
Caesarean Section Birth
Caesarean section is a method usually applied in mothers where normal birth is seen as risky. In this technique, where the birth is performed under anesthesia, it can be called a surgical intervention because an incision is made in the mother’s womb and abdomen.
Cesarean Birth is a method applied if a situation that poses a danger to the health of the mother or the baby is noticed. In addition, if the expectant mothers want to have a more painless birth process, the Caesarean Section Birth technique may be preferred.
Today, Caesarean Section Birth is among the preferred situations;
- The position of the baby is not correct for birth,
- The baby has a large structure,
- Early separation of the placenta,
- Low heartbeat of the baby,
- The mother does not have the psychology to remove the normal labor pain,
can be shown.
The fact that 56% of the births in the last 4 years are performed by Caesarean section proves that this technique is the most preferred birth method today. However, Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend the use of the Cesarean Section method in cases where it is not appropriate to perform with the Normal Birth technique.
Although expectant mothers prefer this method by thinking that birth by cesarean section is easier than normal birth, there are also disadvantages of cesarean section. For example; Since anesthesia is used during Caesarean Section Delivery, emotional feelings are not experienced as in normal birth.
Cesarean section birth, which adversely affects the emotional bond that the mother and baby will establish at the first moment, also leads to a prolongation of the recovery period as it occurs with incisions in the uterus and abdomen during the birth process. The length of time the mother stays in the hospital may be long compared to a Normal Birth.
Birth in Water
Water Birth, which has recently become preferred, is similar to normal birth. With this method, the birth event occurs while the expectant mother is in a warm water of 35 degrees. In this technique, the soothing feature of warm water is used to reduce the pain of the mother.
Water Birth is a natural process similar to normal birth because it is done without using any drugs and incisions. This method offers a different comfort for babies. When the baby, who remains in the water in the mother’s womb for about 9 months, goes out, he does not experience a momentary shock because he will pass to another environment with water.
When Does the Birth take Place?
Birth is approximately the 37th to 42nd day of pregnancy, with the completion of the development of the baby in the mother’s womb. It takes place between weeks. Uterine contractions and periodic pains are seen in the prenatal mother candidate.
However, in some cases, the arrival of water and engagement also means that birth has begun. As soon as such symptoms are observed, the process should be controlled by taking the mother to the doctor without losing time.
With women entering the pregnancy process and becoming mothers-to-be, they may need to give up some habits in order for their babies and their own health to remain at the desired level. Among the points to be considered in the process between the pregnancy period and birth;
- To consume foods with high nutritional value and beneficial to the human body,
- Avoiding strenuous movements and not lifting heavy,
- To ensure that the body rests by sleeping regularly for at least 8 hours,
- Not to smoke and drink alcohol,
- Minimizing the consumption of tea, coffee and carbonated beverages,
- To prevent the possibility of constipation by consuming foods that help digestion,
- Avoiding spicy and fatty foods,
- To do exercises that help the birth process,
- To use the medicines prescribed by the doctor as deemed appropriate,
- To prefer cotton and abundant fabrics instead of synthetic fabrics,
can be specified.
Things to Do During Childbirth
It is very valuable for women to focus only on this process during labor and to stay away from any situations and thoughts that will stress them out. During normal birth, the mother can listen carefully to the doctor who performs the application and act in accordance with his instructions and make the birth much easier.
In addition, mothers who will give birth by cesarean section can also have a healthy birth process in which the health of both themselves and their babies is protected by complying with the issues specified to them by their physicians.
Things to Consider After Childbirth
Mothers who are in the Postpartum Period or Puerperal Period as expressed among the people should pay attention to the health of their bodies at least as during pregnancy. During this period, which lasts about 6 weeks from birth, it is very valuable for the mother to keep herself physiologically and psychologically strong.
We can specify the points to be considered during the Postpartum Period, that is, the Puerperal Period, as follows;
- First of all, the mother and baby should be kept under control for 24 hours if there is a normal birth and for 48 hours if there is a cesarean section.
- After discharge, the mother who goes to rest should accelerate blood circulation by doing small exercises that will not tire her.
- However, while mothers who have a normal birth begin to make non-compelling movements when the first week is completed, mothers who give birth by Caesarean section should avoid exercises to avoid forcing their stitches for the first 6 months.
- Mothers should protect their own and their babies’ health by consuming high-protein foods.
- Smoking and alcohol use should be avoided in this process.
- Fatty and bitter foods, carbonated drinks should be avoided.
- Constipation should be prevented by consuming plenty of water and fiber foods.
- The bath should be done standing on the day allowed by the physician who performs the birth.
- The genital area should be kept clean and dry, and great care should be taken to care for it.
- Sleeping together after breastfeeding the baby will contribute to the mother’s body resistance.
- In order to prevent infection in the breast and not to clog the milk ducts, the mother and baby should breastfeed frequently and the excess milk should be emptied from the breast.
- In addition, the breast should be massaged with a hot towel to reduce the stiffness of the breast.
- Sexual intercourse should be avoided until the end of puerperal, and the doctor’s examination for vaginal control should not be interrupted.